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Fixed rate ISAs pay a set amount of interest over a specific term. Because the bank or building society knows that your money will be invested with it for the duration of the term, it can afford to pay you a higher interest rate than on an easy access ISA where it has no such certainty.
Think about whether you’ll need to access your money during the term as there can be large interest penalties if you need to get at your funds early.
You can hold more than one cash ISA at a time, although you can only open one new cash ISA/NISA per tax year (6th to the next 5th April). So you can have a fixed rate ISA for money you don’t need access to, as well as an easy access ISA.
In the 2014-15 tax year you can deposit up to £15,000 into a cash ISA/NISA. You can also transfer across previously accumulated cash ISA funds into a fixed rate ISA. However, not all ISAs allow transfers in from existing accounts, so be sure to check this before opening.
Once opened and the initial deposit and/or transfer is made, you may not be able to make any further additions to your fixed rate ISA. Sometimes a provider will allow you to make further contributions while the ISA remains on general sale, but once it is withdrawn you will be unable to add to your pot.
Some providers will also let you top up to the new £15,000 NISA allowance, but this might only be an option for a limited time. Make sure to check or, if in doubt, contact your provider.
You can access your money from a fixed rate ISA/NISA but this will be at the expense of a penalty.
If you do need to access money held in a fixed rate ISA before the end of its term you could well have to forfeit a fair amount of interest. Generally interest penalties will be a flat amount, or a tapered amount depending on when during the term you need to access your cash. Less commonly, some ISAs/NISAs may charge a flat fee instead, such as £50. While this might at first glance appear off-putting, on larger balances £50 could actually be cheaper than an interest penalty.
Although early access penalties are an important feature of a fixed rate ISA, you shouldn’t open one if you think you might need access during the term.
If you do withdraw your money from an ISA, you may not be able to replace it later. You can only put up to £15,000 into a cash ISA/NISA in the 2014-15 tax year, regardless of how much money you withdraw.
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