Whether you are moving away from home and choosing your first ever bank account, or are looking to make the most of being a student by switching to the best student bank account for your needs, this guide can help.
Student current accounts are an essential accessory for anyone heading off to university. Even if you don’t think you’ll get a part-time job or student loan, you’ll need somewhere to hold your money, especially given the ease of contactless and the various budgeting options on offer, it’s easy to see why you’d want a bank account if you don’t already have one.
So, why a student account? Well, not only can these accounts offer great deals on railway travel or other attractive bonuses, they usually come with low or even no overdraft fees. That means that if you end up spending a bit more than you have in your bank account, you won’t have to worry about fees and interest adding to your debt.
As with any kind of financial decision, there are some advantages and disadvantages to consider:
An overdraft on a current account is the amount you can go below a balance of £0. So, if you have an overdraft limit of £3,000, that essentially means you’d be able to borrow £3,000 from the bank to cover your spending.
There are two types of overdraft: arranged and unarranged. An arranged overdraft is, as the name implies, a debt that you and your bank or building society agree beforehand. An unarranged overdraft happens when you have no arranged overdraft or exceed your arranged overdraft limit.
Unarranged overdrafts tend to come with higher costs than arranged ones, with fixed fees and/or a certain percentage of the debt adding to your balance as long as you stay in the red. This is a less common issue for student accounts than other current accounts; nonetheless, if you’re not careful, you could end up owing more than you’ve spent, which may make it hard to get back into the black.
Read our regular bank account guides for more information
Student bank accounts are special, in that they normally don’t charge any fees on arranged overdrafts. So, if you agree with your bank that you can go £2,000 overdrawn, for instance, you’ll have this buffer for the entirety of your university career, and you won’t have to worry about fees unless you exceed that limit.
Some providers will offer tiered overdrafts that increase your limit over the years – as long as you’ve used it responsibly – so you’d be able to borrow more over time, while others will keep the amount you can borrow the same. When deciding, you’ll also have to take into account that some providers will only give you the buffer for the length of your university course, while others will give you some more time to get back in the black after your course has ended.
While, in general, the overdrafts advertised by banks and building societies may not be what you will actually get – depending on your credit rating – most student accounts offer a guaranteed overdraft, which means you know what you are getting into before you sign on. Additionally, unless you’re a mature student with a low credit score, you likely won’t have to worry about your credit history, as most 18-year-olds understandably don’t have one.
Once you know what your arranged overdraft is going to be, you’ll need to keep an eye on your student account balance. By checking it regularly, you can ensure you both keep your account (some providers may switch you over to a regular current account if you don’t pay in a certain amount per term) and don’t exceed your limit.
While overdrafts during university may be exceptionally cheap, that doesn’t mean your overdraft will stay affordable after the end of your course. That’s why you may want to start thinking about how you’ll get out of the red in the last year of your study, to give you plenty of time to repay your debt.
What may be the ideal account for one student could work very differently for another. That’s why it’s always a good idea to figure out for yourself what you want from a bank account, and how you think you’ll use it, before you start comparing accounts. To help you with that, here are a few things to consider:
It may be tempting to pick the account with the generous Amazon voucher, especially if you’re moving out of your parents’ house for the first time and have things to buy for your student accommodation, but this could prove a disadvantage over the long term. Railcards or coach cards, which allow you to travel at heavily discounted rates, offer more long-term benefits, as do free NUS Extra cards (now called Totum cards) or cashback offers. However, you’ll have to weigh up what you need more.
You can get your own railcard or Totum card. What you won’t be able to get yourself is a decent overdraft deal. That’s why you should consider how much you think you’re likely to go into the red by and use that to determine which deal could be best for your needs.
Once you’ve determined whether or not you will need a student account with an interest-free overdraft, it’s time to think about what kind of overdraft will work best for you. As we’ve already said, some providers offer a tiered overdraft that increases over the years of your study, so you may be able to borrow £1,000 in your first year, £2,000 in your second year and then £3,000 in your third year for instance.
If you think that your costs are going to go up the longer you study, this could be an excellent choice. However, this also means that by the end of your degree, you might be quite a bit in the red, which could be dangerous if you don’t know how you’re going to repay the debt. For those who don’t want to take that risk, or who want a larger overdraft straight away, a stable, ‘guaranteed’ (depending on your credit score) overdraft could be a better way to go.
With mobile banking becoming increasingly popular, where your bank is located may not be a big concern, but if you ever have a question or need to handle cheques, you may want to see what provider has a branch near your campus. Don’t forget about the basics
Finally, don’t forget to look past all the glamorous incentives to make sure that the account actually does what you want it to do. This doesn’t mean just being able to give you a contactless debit card, for instance, but also the option to set up direct debits (such as for your mobile phone bill) and whatever else you may need.
Opening a student bank account is a pretty straightforward process. All you need is proof of your identity, proof of your address, and proof of your status as a (soon-to-be) student. Many banks and building societies will accept an unconditional offer letter as proof of your status, or even simply your UCAS number. However, some will require a bit more proof, so do your homework before stepping into a branch or starting your online application.
Most students entering or in higher education who fit all the above criteria should easily be able to get a student bank account, even if they are considered mature. Some courses are excluded, however, and for more complicated cases, such as postgraduate students (who only have one or two years of studying ahead of them), part-time students or Open University learners, you may need to contact the bank yourself to ask if you’re eligible. This may even work out for the best, as some offer specific postgraduate student accounts.
Note that almost all banks do not count apprentices as students for bank account purposes and that it is not possible to have more than one student account at the same time. Finally, due to some banks requiring just an offer letter but others requiring written proof that you can only obtain after you’re started, you’ll want to take into account when you want to open your student account when deciding on a product.
While you can’t have more than one student account at a time, there’s nothing stopping you from switching to a better deal if one comes along. That’s why it may be a good idea to keep an eye on the available student accounts throughout your university days, in case something catches your eye.
Do note that every time you apply for a new student account, the provider will run a credit check, and this will show up on your report. So, moving between bank accounts too many time may adversely affect your credit score.
If you don’t think you’ll need an overdraft, and would rather get a high interest rate than a free railcard or Amazon voucher, you could have a look at the top high interest bank accounts as an alternative.
After your course is finished and a certain amount of time has passed (this varies between providers), your account will be automatically changed into either a ‘normal’ current account or a graduate account. A graduate account would be the preferred choice here, as it means you will have a little longer to get back into the black, with most graduate accounts decreasing your 0% overdraft amount gradually over time.
Just as you can move to another student account if you find a better deal, you don’t have to stay with the same provider when your student account changes over. In fact, it’s a good idea to look around when you’re nearing the end of your studies, to try and find the best graduate account out there for your needs. Or, if you’re planning to continue your studies, you could opt for a specific postgraduate account instead.
Alternatively, if you can’t find a good account with a 0% overdraft deal or you’re still in the red when your graduate overdraft runs out, you could look for a credit card with an introductory 0% on money transfers to get your overdraft debt out of your current account and onto a card that gives you a little more time to pay it off without charges (except for a transfer fee) adding to the debt.
Disclaimer: This information is intended solely to provide guidance and is not financial advice. Moneyfacts will not be liable for any loss arising from your use or reliance on this information. If you are in any doubt, Moneyfacts recommends you obtain independent financial advice.