Once upon a time, interest-only mortgages were all the rage, but today they’ve largely fallen out of favour. Since then, mortgage regulations have tightened, which means that whether you choose a repayment mortgage or risk going interest-only, you should not be offered a loan that you cannot afford to repay.
With a repayment mortgage, you pay back a small part of the loan and the interest at the same time and are guaranteed to pay off the whole loan at the end of the term – assuming you meet all the repayments, of course.
Early on in a long mortgage (most mortgage terms are for 25 to 35 years) you might feel a bit disheartened at how slow your mortgage is shrinking because the amount of the original loan you repay is a small part of each repayment. But, as things progress, you repay more and more of what you borrowed and less and less interest, eventually bringing down the balance.
Most mortgages taken out nowadays are on a repayment basis. The monthly repayments are higher with a repayment loan than an interest-only loan, but that's because you are paying the loan off each month. It has the advantage of certainly paying off the loan at the end, which an interest-only loan doesn't give you.
As you pay off your mortgage, you will likely be able to move to lower loan-to-value (LTV) products, which should help you qualify for deals with lower interest rates. That’s why remortgaging regularly should at least be considered.
With an interest-only mortgage, you never repay the actual loan and need a separate arrangement for this, such as an investment of some sort or the sale of your home.
Let's say you borrow £150,000 on an interest-only basis, over 25 years, at an interest rate of 4%. Your monthly mortgage payments only cover the interest of your mortgage (in this instance they would be £150,000 x 4% = £6,000. £6,000/12 = £500 per month).
Because you only ever pay the interest on what you borrowed, and never actually pay any of the loan back, you'll continue to owe £150,000 throughout the mortgage term.
You might be intending to sell your home at the end of the mortgage term and get a smaller house, banking on property prices to have risen enough for you to do this mortgage-free. In this scenario, you just want to pay the interest on your mortgage, as you intend to repay the loan when you sell your home.
This is often the route chosen by buy-to-let investors, as it is the cheapest kind of mortgage (since you're not paying back what you borrowed, or paying into an investment alongside your mortgage). However, it's also the most risky, as you're relying on property prices, which can go down as well as up.
An interest-only mortgage generally has a much cheaper monthly payment when compared to a full repayment mortgage, but this can be deceptive, as you're not paying back anything you borrow. You will usually need to be paying into some sort of investment each month to eventually repay the loan, and you will need to factor these payments into your budget.
So, even though a full repayment mortgage can feel like a hard swim against the current, you are at least moving. With an interest-only mortgage you're only ever treading water.
A repayment vehicle refers to an investment you have running alongside your mortgage to repay the loan. The investment you use to repay your mortgage could be an endowment policy, a stocks & shares ISA, your pension, stock market bonds, investment funds or a buy-to-let property, to name a few.
People use investments to repay their mortgages in the hopes that they may be able to pay it off quicker than if they had a full repayment loan. However, this potential reward doesn't come without risks, namely:
Something a lot of people do, particularly buy-to-let investors, is aim to repay their mortgage by selling the house or flat that is mortgaged. If you live in this property, you're probably hoping that any equity (the percentage of the property you own, e.g. if you have a £200,000 mortgage on a £300,000 property, your equity is 33.33%, or £100,000) is large enough to buy a smaller place.
The main risk with this option is that you may not have enough equity to buy something else when the mortgage finishes. This is particularly the case with lower-valued property, as you'll only own a portion of your home. Note also that due to the big unknown of house price changes, many mortgage lenders do not now allow interest-only loans if you have no other repayment strategy.
You may not be able to afford a mortgage on full repayment, or you may have an under-performing investment, the shortfall on which you need to plug. In this instance, you could have part of your mortgage on repayment and part of it interest-only, with the two halves operating in the same way as described above.
If you're looking at this option due to concerns about affording your mortgage, be sure to have a plan. If you can't afford your mortgage, maybe a less expensive property is an option? How will you eventually pay the entire mortgage off? You need to be clear about these things before you take out your loan.
One final note – interest-only mortgages are less easy to come by than repayment ones, largely thanks to the difficulties they caused during the financial crisis. A large number of people were approaching the end of their mortgage term with no way to repay the loan, so residential mortgage providers are moving away from this style of lending to prevent the same issue occurring in the future. Repayment mortgages are now the main (and often only) way to secure a loan on your property, with the rules becoming stricter to place responsibility on the lender for ensuring you can afford to repay your mortgage in full.
The mortgage charts are dominated by repayment mortgages, but you can choose to search for interest-only or hybrid mortgage products specifically to see what these deals have to offer.
Disclaimer: This information is intended solely to provide guidance and is not financial advice. Moneyfacts will not be liable for any loss arising from your use or reliance on this information. If you are in any doubt, Moneyfacts recommends you obtain independent financial advice.