An annuity provides a guaranteed income throughout your retirement. It uses your pension pot to 'buy' a regular monthly payment, and the guaranteed nature of it means it's an important option to consider. However, it's also one of the biggest financial decisions anyone will have to make, so getting it right is crucial. Make sure you consider all the options available to you regarding your pension income. Changes that came into effect in April 2015 give more flexibility on how you use your pension pot, so it's more important than ever to weigh up all your choices.
While the pension changes brought into force in April 2015 give a lot more flexibility around how people take their pension income, many will still purchase an annuity. And, if you shop around for one thing in your life, shop around for the best annuity rate!
It may not be possible to change annuity providers later, so it's really important to make a fully considered choice to ensure that you enjoy the best income possible in your old age.
When you are approaching retirement, your pension provider will normally give you an annuity quotation. However, you have the legal right to shop around (called the open market option).
Make sure you do – as with most financial products, you will often find you can get a much better deal by comparing what is on offer.
Your pension provider will send you a letter with the value of your fund prior to your retirement date – you should use this figure to compare annuity rates.
However, don't discount what your existing provider offers, as some pensions, particularly older ones, offer a Guaranteed Annuity Rate (GAR). A GAR may be quite a bit higher than those available on the open market, particularly given that the average annuity income has dropped substantially over the last few years.
The younger you are when you purchase your annuity, the less of an income you will get, as the provider will assume that they will have to pay you an income for a longer period.
Although you can purchase an annuity from the age of 55 (please note the government has confirmed this will change to age 57 from 2028), there is no requirement for you to actually retire when you start to receive your annuity income. When you purchase your annuity is up to you – just keep in mind that the older you are, the greater the annual income you are likely to receive.
When you purchase an annuity, the income will be paid for as long as you live (single life). You can also set up the income to be paid for as long as both you and your partner live (joint life).
It is worth noting that while a joint annuity will usually pay less than a single annuity (as with a younger age, the provider will expect to be paying a joint annuity for longer), your spouse/partner will not lose the income from the annuity in the event that they outlive you.
There is also a third option: to have a joint annuity where the income continues to be paid at a reduced rate after the first death. This can strike a balance between making sure you or your partner still has some income, but also giving a slightly higher annuity rate in comparison to a standard joint annuity.
When you die, any unused pension pot you used to buy your annuity will usually pass to the annuity provider – not your loved ones. That is, unless you have opted for a guarantee period or something called 'value protection'.
A guarantee period is a minimum term over which the annuity will be paid, even if you die during this time (typically the first five or 10 years).
Once the initial guarantee period ends you will continue to receive your annuity, although your dependents will not continue to receive it if you pass away after this point.
If you choose Value Protection, your family will be able to inherit your unused pension pot. This will be subject to tax if you die after your 75th birthday.
When you purchase your annuity, you can elect for the income to increase each year with inflation, so the purchasing power of your income does not reduce over time. However, this would mean a lower income at the start of your retirement, and it could take many years to catch up with the amount you could get from a level annuity.
If you're undecided you could opt to have part of your annuity level and part increasing.
An enhanced annuity can pay you a better income than a normal annuity, as it takes into account your lifestyle as well as your medical and occupational history. It’s based on the assumption that your life expectancy will be shorter – annuity providers calculate that they’ll have to pay you an income for a shorter amount of time, so can afford to pay you more during that period.
This will essentially use up your pension pot more quickly, but crucially, if you defy the odds and live longer, you’ll still receive the same heightened level of income – annuity payments are guaranteed for life, however long that may be.
Importantly, enhanced annuities are priced according to your individual specifications, so may consider some or all of these factors:
While all of this is unpleasant to think about, you may be able to secure a far higher retirement income by purchasing an enhanced annuity – as long as you are completely honest on your application. You don’t even need to have a serious medical condition to qualify; if you have any form of health or lifestyle condition that could impact your life expectancy, even something as simple as drinking alcohol, you could receive an increased income (though the level of uplift will depend on the severity of your condition).
To find out whether you would qualify for an enhanced annuity, compare annuities now.
Another option when you purchase your annuity is to take a portion of your pension pot (up to 25%) as a tax-free lump sum. Bear in mind, however, that any cash you take from your pension will reduce the amount you have left to buy an annuity with. This would mean a lower income in retirement. However, you can always take an additional income by using your tax-free cash wisely.
If you are in any doubt over whether to withdraw some of this cash, you should seek professional advice.
Shopping around and comparing various products will help you get the best annuity deal.
Disclaimer: This information is intended solely to provide guidance and is not financial advice. Moneyfacts will not be liable for any loss arising from your use or reliance on this information. If you are in any doubt, Moneyfacts recommends you obtain independent financial advice.