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A current account lets you keep your money in a safe place while still allowing you to spend it, transfer it, use it to pay bills and have more added to it. Current accounts usually come with a cash or debit card, which you can use to make purchases or withdraw money from your account. They may also have an agreed overdraft facility (essentially a form of credit should you need it).
The different account types that are available to adults are:
Standard accounts, which offers you all the 'standard' account features, but nothing extra. These accounts may or may not charge a monthly or annual fee.
High interest current accounts offer you a competitive interest rate on funds up to a certain balance and/or monthly cashback for keeping your account in credit. These accounts may come with monthly fees, and will likely require a certain income and number of standing orders or direct debits, but could offer you some extra cash on a monthly basis if you use them well.
Basic or guaranteed accounts usually don't offer an overdraft so you can't get into the red. These accounts are designed for those with bad credit or no credit history. To that purpose, guaranteed bank accounts don't even require a credit check. In exchange for letting people with bad credit bank with them, they may charge certain fees, which makes them less attractive to people once they've improved their credit score.
Accounts with overdrafts allow you to go into debt on your account. Some of these accounts will charge monthly fees, and the overdraft deal may be limited to arranged overdrafts where the provider has agreed that you can go into debt on your account up to a certain limit.
Free bank accounts won't charge you a monthly fee (though they'll likely still come with fees for overdrafts, etc.). They may offer in-credit interest, overdraft deals or other enticements, and may have funding requirements.
A packaged bank account is a current account that includes additional products and services – such as breakdown cover, mobile phone insurance, travel insurance, home emergency cover – exclusive access to other products from the bank, for example an exclusive rate of interest on a savings account and retailer offers and discounts. These accounts usually charge a monthly fee. Read our guide to packaged bank accounts to learn more.
Designed to meeting the financial needs of students, student bank accounts tend to offer the same features as standard bank accounts alongside interest-free overdrafts and student incentives such as discounted rail travel.
Most banks and building societies allow you to open a bank account in a branch, online, by phone or by post. The channel to open a bank account is dependent on the bank or building society and can be restricted for certain brands and products. For example, some of the challenger banks will only let you open an account using their mobile app and some bank accounts are only available online. Here are our seven steps to opening a bank account:
You can choose a bank account based on the channel you prefer to use to do your banking, such as online or in a branch. You may also want specific features and rewards such as an agreed overdraft, inclusive insurances and rewards or charitable donations.
If you are over 18 and have lived at the same address (and been on the electoral roll) for a number of years, it is likely that you will be able to open a bank account online without the need to write or send anything such as an application form or identification in the post.
Each bank account will have a required minimum age, place of residence (some accounts are only available in Northern Ireland or Scotland for example) and some accounts may have minimum salary requirements too.
The bank or building society will run a credit check (unless it is a guaranteed bank account, which doesn’t require this). Make sure you know your credit score before applying, a stronger score will increase the number of banks that will accept you.
Our tables above show which products are available through the Current Account Switch Service. This service makes sure all of your regular payments are moved to your new bank account without you needing to do anything.
To open or switch a bank account, you will need valid ID and proof of address. You may be able to do this electronically online or your bank or building society may request posted certified copies or ask you to take these into a branch.
These arrive usually around one to two weeks after your account has been opened. Our banking service standards shows which banks perform best at shipping out new cards.
You should receive instructions from your bank or building society about how to access your account securely online or via an app.
A current account suits anyone who wants or needs full access to the banking system. People with either no credit rating, or who have had credit problems, may not be granted a current account, but should be able to get a basic bank account. There are various account types to suit different people. The exact current account that would be most suitable to your needs will depend on several circumstances but given the number of accounts available on the market, there should be a suitable deal to be found. As account perks and features change over time, it’s probably a good idea to keep an eye on the market and consider changing your account if you’re not getting the most out of your current one.
Now that you've got some idea of what current accounts there are to choose from, you'll have to determine which is the best current account for you. This will of course depend on your personal circumstances. If you're often overdrawn, you'll likely be drawn to an account with overdraft facilities. If you never go overdrawn, on the other hand, you might want to take advantage of a high interest current account instead.
If you're looking for the best current account that gives you something back, a switching incentive might lure you in with an offer of up to £100, or sometimes even more, straight away. However, a little bit extra every month might work out as more lucrative over the long run, so you may want to consider a cashback or interest-paying current account instead. Regardless, remember that a lot of incentives will require you to close your old account, so you can't just open an extra account for a cash offer.
Whatever you are after, make sure to compare current accounts on all their features, not just their benefits, otherwise you might find that a cashback offer is undone by a high account or overdraft fee. Once you've made your choice, it's easy to switch bank accounts, especially thanks to the Current Account Switch Service and its accompanying guarantee. Read our current account switching guide to find out which providers offer it – you'll find that almost all do nowadays.
Some accounts charge a fee, normally to offset the cost to the bank of some other benefit available with the account, such as a lower overdraft rate, higher interest for in-credit balances, or an interest-free overdraft amount. Depending on your circumstances, the extra features could outweigh the fee, making it beneficial regardless. Other benefits that may be available on packaged accounts with a monthly fee are travel or breakdown insurance, discounts in certain shops or access to executive lounges at airports. While these extras could add up, remember that free banking is still widely available, so don't pay for things you don't need.
You may be required to pay in a minimum amount of money per month. Usually, this restriction is applied to high interest current accounts, which offer a decent in-credit interest rate in exchange for your commitment and regular income. Aside from a minimum monthly funding amount, these accounts may require you to hold several direct debits on it, to make sure your account with them is your main banking product.
Competitive interest rates – some even inflation-beating – are available on high interest current accounts, but they may only be paid on the first part of the balance. After this, interest may not be paid at all, or at a very low rate, so you may want to maximise your returns by placing any money above this amount in a separate savings account. Note that these accounts do tend to come with high overdraft rates, so you should only consider an account that offers credit interest if you’re not someone who regularly goes overdrawn.
Overdrafts are basically a form of credit; they're a facility that allows you to overspend, so should be avoided if possible. There are two sorts of overdraft: arranged overdrafts, where the bank agrees an amount by which you can go overdrawn, and unarranged overdrafts, which occur when you either exceed your arranged overdraft or go overdrawn without having an arranged overdraft.
If you are likely to dip into the red on your bank account, you should consider an account that charges a low rate for arranged overdrafts or offers you an interest-free tier before you get charged. This can prove to be very valuable if your income and outgoings are nearly the same and your account balance goes near or below zero on a regular basis.
While you should be aiming for only arranged overdrafts, you may also want to look at what rate you'll be charged on an unarranged overdraft should you go overdrawn unexpectedly. Overdraft interest can vary greatly between banks, so it's well worth shopping around. If you don't have an overdraft facility (which will be the case for basic bank accounts), it's doubly important to make sure you have enough money in the account to meet payments, as you may be charged a fee if a payment cannot be made.
Make sure you choose an account that you can access how you need. Some accounts are only accessible via internet and phone, while others allow you to deal with your account through branches and even the Post Office. This can be especially handy for paying in cheques or cash. While most banks will now offer contactless as standard on their debit cards, this easy payment method may not be available with every account. So, if you want to be able to spend small amounts of money without having to put in your PIN number, you may want to ask your bank whether they allow contactless payments before committing.
Note that a lot of banks now offer smartphone apps that let you do your banking on your phone. Some banks are even smartphone-exclusive, so you won't be able to access your account any other way. Look at the account management options before you decide on an account – it may have all the features you're looking for, but if you can't use it in the way that you like, you will likely end up regretting your choice.
Similarly, you’ll want to make sure that your account allows access from a wide range of cash machines and that these transactions are free. Just about all bank accounts give you a card so you can get money out of cash machines. Most transactions will be free of charge, but if you use cash machines in places like petrol stations, amusement arcades or nightclubs, you may be charged. It's worth understanding what type of cash card you'll get, and whether it is widely accepted, e.g. at Link machines.
A savings and current account are by no means mutually exclusive. In fact, it's probably a good idea to have both. You may even require a current account to be able to open some loyalty-based savings accounts. An easy access savings account can complement your bank account perfectly, as it allows you to put your money aside while getting a hopefully competitive rate of interest, and you'd still be able to access the funds should you need them. For better rates, you'd need to put your funds aside for longer, in a fixed rate bond for instance, or keep adding money every month to a regular savings account.
If you really only want one account, some high interest current accounts could be used as a form of savings account, but given their restrictions they’d only be suitable for smaller savings pots. Remember that there's nothing stopping you from getting a combination of account types.
The Current Account Switch Guarantee Service facilitates the moving of regular payment such as standing orders and direct debits to your new bank account. The service should take care of doing this for you and if something goes missing you should be protected. The switching service will not set up paperless statements or your account’s marketing preferences. You will still need to do this. You should also check that you have enough direct debits, etc in place to meet any criteria required for your bank account. Read our guide on the switching service to learn more.
You can open multiple current accounts with a number of different banks. Different banks offer different levels of interest and features for their bank accounts. See our top rated bank accounts.
Yes, there are free current accounts available. Just select 'Free in the relevant search box and all current accounts that come without monthly or annual fees will be selected. These accounts will still charge fees for overdrafts and for some other types of transactions.
The column 'Overdraft Rate' will show you the rate that you are charged if you go into an arranged overdraft. Previously. if you exceeded your arranged overdraft limit, unarranged overdraft charges would apply, which could be a lot more expensive. However, as part of the FCA’s focus on reducing high cost credit this changed from 6 April 2020. From that date unarranged overdrafts must not be charged at a higher rate than arranged overdrafts, however the amount you pay for an arranged overdraft has increased in many cases. You can find both the arranged and unarranged overdraft charges for each account by clicking on 'Further Details'. Your overdraft limit will be determined by your credit history – your provider may change it depending on whether and how you use it. Read our guide to current account overdrafts to learn more.
While providers use the funds in bank accounts to lend to others in the form of loans and overdrafts, gaining interest (and therefore money) in return, if a good rate of interest is offered on the account, they naturally make less money from it. That’s why these accounts tend to come with fees and/or high charges, such as for (unarranged) overdrafts or bounced cheques.
They also take a cut of each debit card payment made (called the interchange fee) and make money from fees and charges for things like overdrafts, refusing a payment due to a lack of funds in the account or using a debit card abroad, where they may charge a fee and make a profit on any currency exchange rate they offer.
Since some banking providers are more keen to gain custom than others, there can be huge differences in the benefits versus charges on offer across the market. That’s why it’s always a good idea to compare deals to find the best account for you – and to review your account occasionally. As bank account providers change their deals quite often, usually without adjusting the deal their current customers are getting, it pays to keep a weather eye on the market.
There are a growing number of online-only banks; some of these are challenger banks such as Atom, Starling and Monzo, while others such as Bo are brands that are part of a larger banking group. There are also fintechs that offer banking type services but are in fact a payment services provider rather than a bank. These online banks and services do not have any branches. Find out more about how online and digital banking apps work and how safe they are.
Our guide to opening an account without proof of address.
Our guide explains the changes to overdraft fees and gives an overview as to how they operate.
These are the things your bank will never ask you for or to do.